The 12 Keywords of Mantis Boxing have been handed down from generation to generation. They are the keystones of this stand-up grappling art originating in Laiyang County, Shandong Province, Northern China during the Qing dynasty.
These keywords are a series of principles that previous boxers held to be important facets of the art. They are what defines it as Praying Mantis Boxing (Tángláng Quán 螳螂拳) versus other styles of Chinese boxing, or other martial arts in general.
If you know how to use these keywords when you fight, then you know mantis boxing.